Commissioner’s Statement on the Employment Situation News Release

Statement of Erica L. Groshen Commissioner Bureau of Labor Statistics

Friday, June 7, 2013

 

Nonfarm payroll employment increased by 175,000 in May, and

the unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at 7.6 percent.

Over the prior 12 months, job gains averaged 172,000 per month.

In May, employment increased in professional and business

services, food services and drinking places, and retail trade.

Employment in professional and business services grew by

57,000 over the month and by 589,000 over the year. In May,

employment continued to trend up in temporary help services

(+26,000), computer systems design (+6,000), and architectural

and engineering services (+5,000).

Food services and drinking places added 38,000 jobs in May.

Employment in the industry has risen by 337,000 in the past 12

months.

Retail trade employment increased by 28,000 in May, as

general merchandise stores continued to add jobs (+10,000). Over

the past 12 months, retail trade has added 258,000 jobs.

In May, health care employment continued to trend up

(+11,000). Job gains in home health care services (+7,000) and

outpatient care centers (+4,000) more than offset a loss in

hospitals (-6,000).

Within government, federal government employment declined by

14,000 in May. Over the past 3 months, federal government

employment has decreased by 45,000.

Employment in other major industries showed little or no

change in May.

Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm

payrolls changed little in May (+1 cent). Over the past 12

months, average hourly earnings have risen by 46 cents, or 2.0

percent. From April 2012 to April 2013, the Consumer Price Index

for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased by 1.1 percent.

Turning now to our survey of households, the unemployment

rate, at 7.6 percent, was essentially unchanged in May and has

shown little movement since February. The number of unemployed

persons, at 11.8 million, was little changed over the month.

The labor force participation rate was essentially unchanged

at 63.4 percent in May. Over the year, the labor force

participation rate has declined by 0.4 percentage point.

The employment-population ratio, at 58.6 percent, was

unchanged in May and has shown little movement, on net, in the

past 12 months.

Among persons who were neither working nor looking for work

in May, 2.2 million were classified as marginally attached to the

labor force, down by 259,000 from a year earlier. These

individuals had not looked for work in the 4 weeks prior to the

survey but wanted a job, were available for work, and had looked

for a job within the last 12 months. The number of discouraged

workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no

jobs were available for them, was 780,000 in May, essentially

unchanged from a year earlier.

In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 175,000

in May, and the unemployment rate was essentially unchanged at

7.6 percent.

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